• Teorías sistémicas de la comunicación
  • Systemic Theories of Communication
Dirk Baecker


Las teorías sistémicas de la comunicación se derivan de la deconstrucción de la teoría matemática de la comunicación y del modelo de transmisión de Claude Shannon y Warren Weaver. Refiriendo a la pregunta irresuelta sobre la identidad de un mensaje para distintos observadores, estas teorías desarrollaron un modelo selectivo de comunicación. En función de superar el modelo ingenieril de la señalización (en vez de comunicación) propuesto por Shannon y Weaver, las teorías sistémicas no asumen que un mensaje es seleccionado de un set de mensajes posibles, sino que el set de posibles mensajes, así como el mensaje que será seleccionado de ese set (contexto), debe ser construido por los participantes de la comunicación.


Systemic theories of communication proceed from a deconstruction of Shannon's and Weaver's mathematical theory and transmission model of communication. Referring to the unresolved question of the identity of a message for different observers they instead develop a selection model of communication. In order to overcome the engineering model of signaling (rather than communication) offered by Shannon and Weaver systemic theories drop the assumption of a given set of possible messages any one message is considered to be selected from, and instead assume that the set of possible messages is to be constructed by the participants in communication as much as the single message then to be selected from that constructed set, also known as the context.

Palabras clave

Autología; Comunicación; Forma; Mensaje; Red; Observador; Selección; Sociedad; Teoría sistémica


Autology; Communication; Form; Message; Network; Observer; Selection; Society; Systemic Theory

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DOI: 10.5354/0718-0527.2017.47267